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Tacrograf 2mg

Tacrograf 2mg (Tacrolimus)

Tacrograf 2mg  is available in capsule form; it is calcineurin inhibitor immunosuppressant drug Tacrograf 2mg  is classified as macrolide antibiotic Tacrograf 2mg  is used in combination with other medicines to protect the body from rejecting a transplanted organ like kidney, liver or heart

Feature
Brand name:
Tacrograf
Active substance:
Tacrolimus 2mg
Manufacturer:
Biocon Ltd
Packaging:
10 Capsules
Product form:
Capsules
In stock
Active substance: Tacrolimus
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Description

DESCRIPTION

Tacrograf  is available in capsule form; it is calcineurin inhibitor immunosuppressant drug Tacrograf  is classified as macrolide antibiotic Tacrograf  is used in combination with other medicines to protect the body from rejecting a transplanted organ like kidney, liver or heart

Mostly Tacrograf  is concomitant with steroids, azathioprine, basiliximab or Mycophenolate mofetil Tacrograf  is used for preventing organ rejection in organ transplant patients.

INDICATION

Tacrograf  is used in organ transplantation condition, in some patients who are attain organ transplant, their body white blood cells are trying to reject the transplanted organ. In this condition, Tacrograf  is helps to accept the transplanted organ by the patient’s body, through weakening the body’s immune system. This leads the body to acquire the new organ which is transplanted

PROPHYLAXIS OF ORGAN REJECTION IN KIDNEY TRANSPLANT:

Tacrograf  is used in the treatment of organ rejection in patients who are receiving kidney transplant In this condition, Tacrograf  concomitant with azathioprine or Mycophenolate

PROPHYLAXIS OF ORGAN REJECTION IN LIVER TRANSPLANT:

Tacrograf  is used in the treatment of organ rejection in patients who are receiving liver transplant Tacrograf  with adrenal corticosteroids is taken in this condition

PROPHYLAXIS OF ORGAN REJECTION IN HEART TRANSPLANT:

Tacrograf  is used in the treatment of organ rejection in patients who are receiving heart transplant Tacrograf  with azathioprine or Mycophenolate and adrenal corticosteroid is used.

ADME PROPERTIES

ABSORPTION

The absorption of Tacrograf  is incomplete and irregular. The bioavailability of the drug in; Kidney transplant: 17±10%; liver transplant: 22±6; heart transplant: 23±9% Effect of food: Tacrograf  should be taken with or without food, because with food will decrease the bioavailability of Tacrograf  0.5mg

DISTRIBUTION

The human plasma protein binding of Tacrograf  is approximately 99% Tacrograf  highly bound to plasma protein like albumin and alpha-1-acid glycoprotein

METABOLISM

Tacrograf  is largely metabolized by mixed function oxidase system, by cytochrome P-450 enzyme The main metabolites of Tacrograf  in human liver microsomes is 13-demethyl Tacrograf  

ELIMINATION

The route of elimination of Tacrograf  metabolites Feces 92.6% urine 2.3% The terminal half-life of the drug in; Kidney transplant: 19 hours Liver transplant: 12 hours Heart transplant: 24 hours In pediatric liver transplant: 11.5±3.8 hours In pediatric kidney transplant: 10.2±5.0 hours

DOSAGE MANAGEMENT

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION OF TACROGRAF  0.5MG

The usual dose of Tacrolimus for organ transplant-rejection therapy

KIDNEY TRANSPLANT
IMMEDIATE RELEASE

While combining with azathioprine, the initial dose of Tacrolimusis 0.1mg/kg taken orally for every 12 hours, initiate within 24 hours of surgery While combining with Mycophenolate mofetil or interleukin 2 receptor antagonist, initial dose is 0.05mg/kg for every 12 weeks

EXTENDED DOSE

Co administration of Tacrolimus with MMF, basiliximab and corticosteroid, starting dose is 0.15mg/kg/day orally as once daily Co administration of Tacrolimus with MMF, corticosteroids without basiliximab: Pre-operative dose: 0.1mg/kg/day within 12 hours before reperfusion Post-operative dose: 0.2mg/kg/day

LIVER TRANSPLANT

The initial dose of Tacrolimus is 0.05 to 0.075mg/kg should be taken as orally for twice daily

HEART TRANSPLANT

The initial dose of Tacrolimus is 0.0375mg/kg orally as twice daily

IN PEDIATRIC
LIVER TRANSPLANT

The initial dose is 0.075 to 0.1mg/kg as twice daily In immediate release, Tacrolimusshould be taken as twice daily, whereas in case of extended release the dose should be taken as once a time Tacrolimus should be taken on an empty stomach. Grape juice must be avoided during Tacrograf  administration

SIDE EFFECTS
TACROGRAF  CAUSES SIDE EFFECTS

IN KIDNEY TRANSPLANT
Nervous system: tremor, headache, insomnia, paresthesia, dizziness. Gastrointestinal: diarrhea, nausea, constipation, vomiting, dyspepsia. Cardio vascular: hypertension, chest pain. Urogenital: creatinine increased, urinary tract infection. Metabolic and nutritional: hypophosphatemia, hypomagnesemia, hyperlipemia, hypo/hyperkalemia, diabetes mellitus, hyperglycemia, edema. Blood: anemia, leucopenia. Miscellaneous: infection, peripheral edema, asthenia, abdominal pain, fever, back pain. Pulmonary: dyspnea, cough. Muscle: arthralgia. Skin: rash, Pruritus. Injury: post-procedural pain, incision site complication, graft dysfunction.

IN LIVER TRANSPLANT
Nervous system: tremor, headache, insomnia, paresthesia, dizziness. Metabolic and nutritional: hypophosphatemia, hypomagnesemia, hyperlipemia, hypo/hyperkalemia, diabetes mellitus, hyperglycemia, edema. Blood: anemia, leucopenia, thrombocytopenia. Miscellaneous: infection, peripheral edema, asthenia, abdominal pain, fever, back pain, ascites. Pulmonary: dyspnea, cough, pleural effusion, atelectasis. Gastrointestinal: diarrhea, nausea, constipation, vomiting, dyspepsia, LFT abnormal. Cardio vascular: hypertension, chest pain. Urogenital: creatinine increased, urinary tract infection, kidney abnormal, BUN increased, oliguria Incision site complication, graft dysfunction, post-procedural pain. Musculoskeletal: arthralgia. Skin: rash, Pruritus.

IN HEART TRANSPLANT
CVS: hypertension, pericardial effusion. Whole body: CMV infection. Metabolic disorders: diabetic mellitus, hyperglycemia, hyperlipemia. Hemic and lymphatic system: anemia and leucopenia. Urogenital: kidney function abnormal and urinary tract infection. Respiratory: bronchitis. Nerve system: tremor.

SOME ADVERSE REACTIONS
Lymphoma, serious infections, polyoma virus infections, CMV infections, new onset of diabetes, nephrotoxicity, neurotoxicity, hyperkalemia, hypertension, anaphylactic reactions, myocardial hypertrophy, pure red cell aplasia, gastrointestinal perforation

PRECAUTION

PRECAUTIONS AND WARNING

Elevate the risk of infection and lymphoma, latent virus activation Risk of post-transplant diabetes mellitus Discontinue cyclosporine 24 hours before taking Tacrograf  

Hypertension occurs Caution with use, in concomitant with nephrotoxicity or calcium channel blockers Myocardial hypertrophy Care should be taken while using CYP3A inhibitors and inducers Monitor blood glucose level Nephrotoxicity and neurotoxicity Risk of viral, fungal, bacterial infection due to immunosuppressant activity of Tacrograf  QT prolongation

DRUG INTERACTION

Tacrograf  is metabolized by CYP3A enzymes, by inhibiting these cytochrome enzymes leads to increasing plasma concentration of Tacrograf  CYP3A inducers: may decrease the concentration of Tacrograf  Mycophenolic acid products: increase exposure to Mycophenolic acid Grape fruit/grape fruit juice: this will prohibit CYP3A enzymes, leads to increase the Tacrograf  whole blood trough concentrations Protease inhibitors: increase the concentration of Tacrograf  

Anti-fungal agents: depending on whole blood concentration of Tacrograf  , anti-fungal drugs are used. While concomitant voriconazole or posaconazole with Tacrograf  0.5mg, the dose of Tacrograf  decreased to one-third of initial dose Calcium channel blockers: inhibit CYP3A enzymes, increase the concentration of Tacrograf  Anti-bacterial: erythromycin, clarithromycin, troleandomycin, chloramphenicol are inhibit CYP3A enzyme, leads to elevate concentration of Tacrograf  

Anti-mycobacterial: are rifampin and rifabutin; induce CYP3A enzymes causes decrease the Tacrograf  concentration Anti-convulsant: decrease the concentration of Tacrograf  St. Johns wort: decrease the concentration of Tacrograf  Gastric acid regulator and suppressor: increase the concentration of Tacrograf  

CONTRAINDICATION

Hypersensitivity reaction or anaphylactic reactions occurs

PREGNANCY  & LACTATION

Pregnancy category: C Tacrograf  is crosses the placenta, so there is possibilities of risk; Premature delivery risk, neonatal hyperkalemia, renal dysfunction Tacrograf  should be safely use in pregnancy condition; there is a chance of getting fetus harm, malformations etc Breast feeding is not recommended

STORAGE

Tacrograf  is stored at room temperature 25°C (77°F); excursions permitted to 15°C to 30°C (59°F to 86°F).

MISSED DOSE

Tacrograf  , if patient fail to take the dose of Tacrograf  , must consult with medical practitioner To avoid the illness produced by Tacrograf  , do not double the dose and the missed dose should be skipped and follow the regular schedule

 

Feature
Brand name
Tacrograf
Active substance
Tacrolimus 2mg
Manufacturer
Biocon Ltd
Packaging
10 Capsules
Product form
Capsules
Strength
2mg
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