Bevatas 400mg (Bevacizumab)
Bevatas 400mg is indicated for the treatment of some of the conditions like Metastatic colon or rectal cancer Non-squamous, non-small cell lung cancer Glioblastoma Metastatic renal cell cancer Metastatic cervical cancer Epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube or peritoneal cancer
Bevacizumab is a drug sold under the name of Bevatas and which is categorized as monoclonal anti-body & anti-angiogenesis
When Bevatas concomitant use with human monoclonal antibody IgG1, that circumstance and prohibits the biological action of human vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)
Bevatas is indicated for the treatment of some of the conditions like Metastatic colon or rectal cancer Non-squamous, non-small cell lung cancer Glioblastoma Metastatic renal cell cancer Metastatic cervical cancer Epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube or peritoneal cancer
MECHANISM OF ACTION
Bevatas comprises an active compound like Bevacizumab which binds to VEGF and avoid the communication of VEGF to its receptors like Flt-1 & KDR) present on the surface of the cells This interaction prevents endothelial cell multiplication and new blood vessel production occurs Hence in counts cessation of metastatic cancer cells development happens
The volume of distribution is 2.9 (22%) L
The Bevacizumab half-life period is 20days (11 to 50days)
Avoid administration of Bevatas before at least 28 days following surgery and the wound is completely cured
METASTATIC COLORECTAL CARCINOMA
Concomitant use with 5-fluorouracil based chemotherapy is the usual dosage of Bevatas : While concomitant use with bolus IFL the dose is 5mg/kg of Bevatas for every 2 weeks IV. While in combination with FOLFOX4 the dose is 10mg/kg of Bevatas for every 2 weeks IV 5mg/kg IV Bevatas for every 2 weeks or 7.5 mg/kg Bevatas as IV every 3 weeks by concurrently used with fluoropyrimidine Irinotecan or fluoropyrimidine oxaliplatin based therapy
NON-SMALL CELL LUNG CANCER
While combining with carboplatin and paclitaxel : The Bevatas usual dosage is 15mg/kg IV for every 3 weeks by
For every 2 weeks : 10mg/kg of Bevatas administered IV
METASTATIC CERVICAL CANCER
Combining with paclitaxel and cisplatin or with paclitaxel and topotecan : The drug Bevatas usual dosage is 15mg/kg of Bevatas given intravenously for every 3 weeks
METASTATIC RENAL CELL CANCER
Concurrent use with interferon alfa : The Bevatas usual dosage is 10mg/kg IV for every 2 weeks
EPITHELIAL OVARIAN, FALLOPIAN TUBE OR PERITONEAL CANCER
Platinum opposing: Concurrent use with paclitaxel, pegylated liposomal doxorubicin or topotecan :The Bevatas regular dosage is 10mg/kg of Bevatas for every 2 weeks Or Combining with topotecan : The Bevatas regular dosage 15mg/kg of Bevatas given through IV for every 3 weeks Platinum responsive concomitant with carboplatin and paclitaxel for 6 to 8 cycles : The drug Bevatas recommended dosage of is 15mg/kg given IV for 3 weeks Combining with gemcitabine & carboplatin for 6 to 10 cycles : The Bevatas recommended dosage is 15mg/kg of Bevatas given IV for 3 weeks
PREPARATION & ADMINISTRATION
Bevatas is intravenous solution At initial infusion: given IV infusion over 90 minutes Following infusions: give second infusion over 60 minutes, if tolerated Administer all following infusion over 30minutes Bevatas IV infusion is prepared in aseptic condition Bevatas 400mg containing 16ml solution whereas 100mg containing 4ml Bevatas dilute into 100ml of 0.9% NS Do not dilute with dextrose solution Dispose the remaining portion of medicine which is left in a vial
There are some complications occurred during treatment with Bevatas , care should be taken Arterial thromboembolic events: cessation of treatment with Bevatas in patients who are suffered with severe ATE. Venous thromboembolic events: Toxicity Incidence should be detected; If severe condition therapy should be stopped. Hemorrhage: While on Bevatas treatment some Serious hemorrhages will occur like GI hemorrhage, hemoptysis, Hematemesis, CNS hemorrhage, nose bleeding & vaginal bleeding. Hence Discontinue the treatment.
Hypertension: Bp is increased in patients who are receiving Bevatas therapy, must be frequently check up with blood pressure and provided with alternative medication for correct the pressure. In hypertension crisis or encephalopathy should be discontinue the treatment.
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome Embryo fetal toxicity occurs : During pregnancy condition Bevatas is contraindicated which produce fetal harm. Ovarian failure: The patients who are receiving Bevatas may have a chance of getting ovarian failure. Congestive heart failure: the drug combination with anthracycline based chemotherapy, treatment with Bevatas must not be used. Bevatas treatment should be stopped while CHF occurs.
Gastrointestinal perforation and fistulae
Surgery and wound healing complication
Arterial thromboembolic events
Venous thromboembolic events
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome
Renal injury & Proteinuria
Congestive heart failure
Neutropenia, mucosal inflammation, infection, neuropathy, Epistaxis, erythrodysaesthesia
While interaction of Bevatas with paclitaxel & carboplatin, causes reduce in exposure of paclitaxel after four cycles of treatment.
Interaction with paclitaxel &carboplatin cause to increase the paclitaxel exposure at day 6
No contraindication occurred In some case the patients who are contraindicated to any component of Bevatas may occur hypersensitivity.
PREGNANCY & LACTATION
Pregnancy category: D While administrating Bevatas in pregnant women, positive evidence on fetal risk depends on human studies but potential benefits by using the drug may have common risk against fetus. Bevatas is excreted into breast milk taking account on this, discussion should done on whether to discontinue the breast feeding or the drug. The drug is risky during mother breast feeding to their infants.
The drug stored at 2 to 8°C (36 to 46°F) Single use vial Dispose the left out vial under the guidance of pharmacists.
The dose missed by patient should have the dose immediately before the next dose timing reaches or leave the missed dose and continue the regular schedule.
Remember do not have double dose at a time
Please consult with doctor for further details.