Nelvir is an HIV-1 protease inhibitor and belongs to type of anti-retroviral drugs. Nelvir require for prevention of HIV from multiplying in your body.
The drug also used to treat a virus which cause acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Nelvir is not cure for HIV or AIDS.
Nelvir is indicated for the treatment patients affected by HIV-1 infection with combination of other antiretroviral drugs.
MECHANISM OF ACTION
Nelfinavir which will Binds to the site of HIV-1 protease activity and prohibits cleavage of viral Gag-Pol polyprotein precursors into separate functional proteins required for infectious HIV. This will leads to formation of immature, noninfectious viral particles.
AUC is highly variable in pediatric patients because increased clearance, problems with compliance and inconsistent food intake with dosing. The time to high plasma concentration is 2 to 4 hours.
Volume of distribution is 2 to 7 L/kg
Mainly metabolized through Hepatic via CYP2C19 and 3A4
The elimination of drug through feces 98% to 99% and as metabolite 78% and unchanged drug as 22% and through urine 1% to 2%.
DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION
The recommended dose for adult dose for HIV infections in patients is 1250 mg given orally twice a day or 750mg given orally 3 times a day The drug administer in combination with other antiretroviral agents for treatment of HIV-1 Infection. For Nonoccupational Exposure the dose US CDC prescribed as 1250mg two times a day orally or 750mg three times a day orally given for 28 days.
For pediatric dose age 2 to less than 13 years prescribed dose is 45 to 55 mg/kg given orally twice a day Or 25 to 35 mg/kg given orally three times a day Maximum dose is 2500mg/day. Age 13 years or older = 1250mg given orally twice times a day or 750mg taken orally three times a day. The children weighing 16 kg or more administer 250mg for twice-daily
Side effects by Clinical trials experience- adult and adolescents (13 yrs and older) Digestive system: diarrhea, nausea, flatulence, epigastric pain Skin /appendages: rash Hemic/lymphatic system: anemia, leucopenia and thrombocytopenia Metabolic/nutritional: liver function test abnormalities amylase, SGOT, SGPT, hypoglycemia, dehydration Musculoskeletal system: arthralgia, arthritis, cramps,myalgia Respiratory: dyspnae, pharyngitis, rhinitis, and sinusitis. Special sense: acute iritis and eye disorder.
Hypersensitivity reaction Qtc prolongation Jaundice Bilirubinemia, metabolic acidosis.
Risk of serious adverse reaction due to drug interaction Hepatic impairment: the drug should not be used Phenylketourics ; nelfinavir contains phenylalanine which is harmful to patients with phenylketouria. Diabetes mellitus/hyperglycemia Hemophilia: increased bleeding level with nelfinavir treatment Fat distribution Immune Reconstitution Syndrome
While interaction with antacids, Phenobarbital, carbamazepine, aminoglutethimide, phenytoin, rifampicin, nafcillin, nevirapine, omeprazole will reduce the levels of nevimune Interaction with antifungal agents, cimetidine, Efavirenz wills increases serum levels. Reduced plasma effects while concomitant use with hormonal contraceptives, methadone, theophylline derivatives
The combination of nelfinavir with CYP3A for clearance is contraindicated
Store the drug at temperature about 15°C to 30°C Keep container closed tightly Dispense in original container
If you missed dose, have it soon If next dose time reached then avoid missed dose. And follow regular timings Please consult with doctor